SpringBoot开发案例之配置Druid数据库连接池


前言

好久没有更新Spring Boot系列文章,你说忙么?也可能是,前段时间的关注点也许在其他方面了,最近项目中需要开发小程序,正好采用Spring Boot实现一个后端服务,后面会把相关的代码案例分享出来,不至于大家做小程序后端服务的时候一头雾水。

在Spring Boot下默认提供了若干种可用的连接池(dbcp,dbcp2, tomcat, hikari),当然并不支持Druid,Druid来自于阿里系的一个开源连接池,它提供了非常优秀的监控功能,下面跟大家分享一下如何与Spring Boot集成。

版本环境

Spring Boot 1.5.2.RELEASE、Druid 1.1.6、JDK1.7

系统集成

添加pom.xml依赖:

<!-- Jpa -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>
<!-- MySql -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
</dependency>
<!-- druid -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
    <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.6</version>
</dependency>

配置application.properties:

#数据源
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://192.168.1.66:3306/spring_boot?characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=root
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.type=com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
# 初始化大小,最小,最大
spring.datasource.initialSize=1
spring.datasource.minIdle=3
spring.datasource.maxActive=20
# 配置获取连接等待超时的时间
spring.datasource.maxWait=60000
# 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒
spring.datasource.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis=60000
# 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒
spring.datasource.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis=30000
spring.datasource.validationQuery=select 'x'
spring.datasource.testWhileIdle=true
spring.datasource.testOnBorrow=false
spring.datasource.testOnReturn=false
# 打开PSCache,并且指定每个连接上PSCache的大小
spring.datasource.poolPreparedStatements=true
spring.datasource.maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize=20
# 配置监控统计拦截的filters,去掉后监控界面sql无法统计,'wall'用于防火墙
spring.datasource.filters=stat,wall,slf4j
# 通过connectProperties属性来打开mergeSql功能;慢SQL记录
spring.datasource.connectionProperties=druid.stat.mergeSql=true;druid.stat.slowSqlMillis=5000

配置yml文件(与上二选一)

spring:
  datasource:
      url: jdbc:mysql://192.168.1.66:3306/spring-boot?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false
      username: root
      password: root
      driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
      platform: mysql
      type: com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
      # 下面为连接池的补充设置,应用到上面所有数据源中
      # 初始化大小,最小,最大
      initialSize: 1
      minIdle: 3
      maxActive: 20
      # 配置获取连接等待超时的时间
      maxWait: 60000
      # 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒
      timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis: 60000
      # 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒
      minEvictableIdleTimeMillis: 30000
      validationQuery: select 'x'
      testWhileIdle: true
      testOnBorrow: false
      testOnReturn: false
      # 打开PSCache,并且指定每个连接上PSCache的大小
      poolPreparedStatements: true
      maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize: 20
      # 配置监控统计拦截的filters,去掉后监控界面sql无法统计,'wall'用于防火墙
      filters: stat,wall,slf4j
      # 通过connectProperties属性来打开mergeSql功能;慢SQL记录
      connectionProperties: druid.stat.mergeSql=true;druid.stat.slowSqlMillis=5000
     

配置Druid的监控统计功能

import java.sql.SQLException;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.ServletRegistrationBean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource;
import com.alibaba.druid.support.http.StatViewServlet;
import com.alibaba.druid.support.http.WebStatFilter;
/**
 * 阿里数据库连接池 Druid配置 
 * 创建者 柒
 * 创建时间    2018年3月15日
 */
@Configuration
public class DruidConfiguration {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DruidConfiguration.class);

    private static final String DB_PREFIX = "spring.datasource";

    @Bean
    public ServletRegistrationBean druidServlet() {
        logger.info("init Druid Servlet Configuration ");
        ServletRegistrationBean servletRegistrationBean = new ServletRegistrationBean(new StatViewServlet(), "/druid/*");
        // IP白名单 (没有配置或者为空,则允许所有访问)
        servletRegistrationBean.addInitParameter("allow", "");
        // IP黑名单(共同存在时,deny优先于allow)
        //servletRegistrationBean.addInitParameter("deny", "192.168.1.100");
        //控制台管理用户
        servletRegistrationBean.addInitParameter("loginUsername", "admin");
        servletRegistrationBean.addInitParameter("loginPassword", "admin");
        //是否能够重置数据 禁用HTML页面上的“Reset All”功能
        servletRegistrationBean.addInitParameter("resetEnable", "false");
        return servletRegistrationBean;
    }

    @Bean
    public FilterRegistrationBean filterRegistrationBean() {
        FilterRegistrationBean filterRegistrationBean = new FilterRegistrationBean(new WebStatFilter());
        filterRegistrationBean.addUrlPatterns("/*");
        filterRegistrationBean.addInitParameter("exclusions", "*.js,*.gif,*.jpg,*.png,*.css,*.ico,/druid/*");
        return filterRegistrationBean;
    }

    @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = DB_PREFIX)
    class IDataSourceProperties {
        private String url;
        private String username;
        private String password;
        private String driverClassName;
        private int initialSize;
        private int minIdle;
        private int maxActive;
        private int maxWait;
        private int timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis;
        private int minEvictableIdleTimeMillis;
        private String validationQuery;
        private boolean testWhileIdle;
        private boolean testOnBorrow;
        private boolean testOnReturn;
        private boolean poolPreparedStatements;
        private int maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize;
        private String filters;
        private String connectionProperties;

        @Bean  
        public DataSource dataSource() {
            DruidDataSource datasource = new DruidDataSource();
            datasource.setUrl(url);
            datasource.setUsername(username);
            datasource.setPassword(password);
            datasource.setDriverClassName(driverClassName);

            //configuration
            datasource.setInitialSize(initialSize);
            datasource.setMinIdle(minIdle);
            datasource.setMaxActive(maxActive);
            datasource.setMaxWait(maxWait);
            datasource.setTimeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis(timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis);
            datasource.setMinEvictableIdleTimeMillis(minEvictableIdleTimeMillis);
            datasource.setValidationQuery(validationQuery);
            datasource.setTestWhileIdle(testWhileIdle);
            datasource.setTestOnBorrow(testOnBorrow);
            datasource.setTestOnReturn(testOnReturn);
            datasource.setPoolPreparedStatements(poolPreparedStatements);
            datasource.setMaxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize(maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize);
            try {
                datasource.setFilters(filters);
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                System.err.println("druid configuration initialization filter: " + e);
            }
            datasource.setConnectionProperties(connectionProperties);
            return datasource;
        }

        public String getUrl() {
            return url;
        }

        public void setUrl(String url) {
            this.url = url;
        }

        public String getUsername() {
            return username;
        }

        public void setUsername(String username) {
            this.username = username;
        }

        public String getPassword() {
            return password;
        }

        public void setPassword(String password) {
            this.password = password;
        }

        public String getDriverClassName() {
            return driverClassName;
        }

        public void setDriverClassName(String driverClassName) {
            this.driverClassName = driverClassName;
        }

        public int getInitialSize() {
            return initialSize;
        }

        public void setInitialSize(int initialSize) {
            this.initialSize = initialSize;
        }

        public int getMinIdle() {
            return minIdle;
        }

        public void setMinIdle(int minIdle) {
            this.minIdle = minIdle;
        }

        public int getMaxActive() {
            return maxActive;
        }

        public void setMaxActive(int maxActive) {
            this.maxActive = maxActive;
        }

        public int getMaxWait() {
            return maxWait;
        }

        public void setMaxWait(int maxWait) {
            this.maxWait = maxWait;
        }

        public int getTimeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis() {
            return timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis;
        }

        public void setTimeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis(int timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis) {
            this.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis = timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis;
        }

        public int getMinEvictableIdleTimeMillis() {
            return minEvictableIdleTimeMillis;
        }

        public void setMinEvictableIdleTimeMillis(int minEvictableIdleTimeMillis) {
            this.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis = minEvictableIdleTimeMillis;
        }

        public String getValidationQuery() {
            return validationQuery;
        }

        public void setValidationQuery(String validationQuery) {
            this.validationQuery = validationQuery;
        }

        public boolean isTestWhileIdle() {
            return testWhileIdle;
        }

        public void setTestWhileIdle(boolean testWhileIdle) {
            this.testWhileIdle = testWhileIdle;
        }

        public boolean isTestOnBorrow() {
            return testOnBorrow;
        }

        public void setTestOnBorrow(boolean testOnBorrow) {
            this.testOnBorrow = testOnBorrow;
        }

        public boolean isTestOnReturn() {
            return testOnReturn;
        }

        public void setTestOnReturn(boolean testOnReturn) {
            this.testOnReturn = testOnReturn;
        }

        public boolean isPoolPreparedStatements() {
            return poolPreparedStatements;
        }

        public void setPoolPreparedStatements(boolean poolPreparedStatements) {
            this.poolPreparedStatements = poolPreparedStatements;
        }

        public int getMaxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize() {
            return maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize;
        }

        public void setMaxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize(int maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize) {
            this.maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize = maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize;
        }

        public String getFilters() {
            return filters;
        }

        public void setFilters(String filters) {
            this.filters = filters;
        }

        public String getConnectionProperties() {
            return connectionProperties;
        }

        public void setConnectionProperties(String connectionProperties) {
            this.connectionProperties = connectionProperties;
        }
    }

}

启动应用,访问地址:http://localhost:8080/druid/, 输入配置的账号密码登录之后,即可查看数据源及SQL统计等监控。效果图如下:

druid.png

当然,阿里巴巴也提供了Druid的SpringBoot集成版(druid-spring-boot-starter),可参考以下链接。

参考:

https://github.com/alibaba/druid/tree/master/druid-spring-boot-starter

https://github.com/alibaba/druid/wiki

qrcode_for_gh_bf7a27ade681_258.jpg

作者: 小柒

出处: https://blog.52itstyle.com

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